Els incidents crítics a les aules de Pràcticum universitari

  • Jesús Canelo Universitat Ramon Llull. FPCEE Blanquerna. Grup d’investigació SINTE-LEST
  • Eva Liesa Universitat Ramon Llull. FPCEE Blanquerna. Grup d’investigació SINTE-LEST. Coordinadora del Servei d’Assessorament i Innovació Educativa Blanquerna
Paraules clau: Incidents crítics, Estudiants de Magisteri, Pràcticum, Identitat docent

Resum

La construcció de la identitat docent és un procés dinàmic i progressiu. Alguns esdeveniments o incidents que apareixen durant la formació inicial de la professió poden tenir un fort impacte emocional que influenciarà en com es representa la funció docent. Aquest estudi analitza quins són els incidents que els estudiants de Magisteri narren durant el seu Pràcticum a les escoles segons l’impacte que aquests han tingut en la seva identitat com a futurs mestres.

Els participants (114 estudiants de 3r i 4t curs del grau d'Educació Primària) van respondre un qüestionari obert. Es van identificar 334 incidents crítics. Els més freqüents es vinculen amb la gestió de les relacions interpersonals i les conductes individuals dels alumnes i la gestió dels continguts a aprendre. Aquells incidents relacionats amb la metodologia d’aula, l'avaluació dels aprenentatges, les relacions amb el mentor i l'organització de les activitats van ser menys reportats com a influents en la seva identitat docent.

L’anàlisi sistemàtica d’aquests incidents a les aules universitàries esdevé una estratègia formativa clau durant la formació inicial dels mestres per ajudar-los a construir i reconstruir la seva identitat com a futurs mestres.

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Publicades
2020-04-25
Secció
Psicopedagogia i Orientació